The Cultural Significance of Jewellery Across the World

Jewellery serves as more than just a fashion accessory. Across various cultures around the world, it holds significant symbolic and ritualistic meanings.  Today I want to explore how different cultures use jewellery as a form of expression.

Significance of Jewellery Throughout History

From ancient times to the present, jewellery holds a unique place in the tapestry of human culture, serving as a bridge between the past and the future.  The allure of ancient jewellery stretches far beyond its beauty, embodying the deep-seated traditions and rich histories of civilizations long past. 

From the Egyptians who adorned their pharaohs with elaborate gold artefacts to symbolise divine power, to the Romans whose intricate designs reflected status and conquest, each ancient piece tells a story of societal values, technological advancements, and artistic expression. 

The surviving artefacts, originally created with such precision and care, tell a story of human endeavour and purpose.  I have enjoyed collaborating as design consultant for Kapistree, one of a select few jewellery artisans conserving the past by incorporating ancient jewellery into their creations.

Kapistree are pivotal in bridging the gap between the old world’s charm and contemporary artistic expression.  Their unique, luxury creations use the real thing – treasures that might belong in a museum, crafted thousands of years ago, but placed into wearable designs to keep the significance and story of them alive. 

The result is not just a piece of jewellery but a fragment of history reimagined as high fashion, making it a statement of both luxury and historical reverence.  The remarkable thing is how closely such ancient jewellery resembles our own.  There is a thread of familiarity connecting all humans past and present, and all cultures too, through the adornments we wear.  Looking at jewellery around the world is a celebration of artistic difference but reminds me of the human values we have in common.

The Meaning of Jewellery Around The World


In many African tribes, jewellery is not just decoration but a marker of status and tribal identity. 

For example, Maasai warriors in Kenya wear intricate beadwork that signifies their prowess and status within the tribe. 

Similarly, in West Africa, large gold jewellery pieces are often worn by royalty and leaders to signify their wealth and power.


In India, jewellery is deeply embedded in the cultural and religious fabric of society. It plays a crucial role in rituals and celebrations, with brides adorned in elaborate gold jewellery to symbolise prosperity and happiness. 

Moreover, specific pieces like the ‘Mangalsutra,’ worn by married women, signify marital status and are considered sacred.

Native American

For Native American tribes, jewellery is a form of artistic expression that carries significant cultural heritage. 

Materials such as turquoise, silver, and coral are not only valued for their beauty but also for their spiritual meanings. Jewellery pieces often feature symbols that represent personal or tribal stories, connecting wearers to their ancestry and community.

Middle East

In the Middle East, jewellery often serves dual purposes of adornment and protection. Items like the ‘Hamsa’ hand and ‘Evil Eye’ pendants are worn to ward off bad luck and protect the wearer from harm. 

These pieces are steeped in historical significance and are prevalent across various countries in the region.


European jewellery traditions emphasise the continuity of family lineage and history. Pieces like family crests, lockets, and signet rings are passed down through generations, serving as tangible connections to one’s heritage. 

In many cultures, these heirlooms are considered sacred treasures, representing familial bonds and continuity.



From Africa’s colourful beadwork to India’s gold-laden bridal ornaments, jewellery around the world transcends its role as mere decoration. It is a profound expression of cultural identity, status, protection, and heritage. 

Understanding the cultural significance of these adornments offers a richer appreciation of the diversity and depth of human traditions in decorating the body with jewellery.

The exploration not only illustrates the universal appeal of jewellery, but also its role in human culture across continents and centuries, one that should be shared and preserved in time!

Which jewellery meaning resonated the most with you?

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